Science & Education
Nominal Group Technique (NGT) is a structured method for generating a list of ideas and/or condensing ideas into a manageable number. It is more formal and structured than simple brainstorming or multivoting. NGT is called 'nominal' because there is minimal dialogue or interaction among the team. The relatively low amount of interaction makes it an effective tool for approaching controversial issues. NGT can also be used to defuse a domineering staff member or influential employee who would otherwise control the discussion and dominate the process. NGT allows each team member to have an equal say and vote on each topic. Because of this equality, it can help build team ownership of decisions. NGT has two stages – formalized brainstorming and decision-making.Formalized Brainstorming: the steps in Formalized Brainstorming are similar to general brainstorming; however everything is written down. Before the meeting, the team leader or facilitator prepares a question which is then posed at the beginning of the meeting. At that time, he or she also describes the purpose of the discussion and the team rules and procedures. The steps are:
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